Posted on Leave a comment


What is Aodai?

Aodai is a traditional long gown most commonly worn with trousers by Vietnamese women but can also be worn by Vietnamese men. It has become the symbol of the Vietnamese feminine beauty and the pride of Vietnamese people.

When was “aodai” born?

There are no history books or documents in previous time that reveals the specific time “aodai” was born. However, based on the documents of the history cultural researchers, around 3000 years ago, the image of “aodai” with slender, delicate two-long-gown has appeared on the face of “bronze drums” antique named Ngoc Lu, HoaBinh, Hoang Ha.

In contrast, some opinions reckoned “aodai” was born since the reign of the southern lord Nguyen PhucKhoat, called himself Vu Vuong (1739-1765) in XVIII century. Eager to establish a separate identity from his northern rivals, the Trinh lord, who enjoyed the status of regents to the puppet kings of the declining Le dynasty, Lord Nguyen decreed that men and women of his court wore trousers covered by a long gown.

The garment borrowed the style of clothing worn by the Cham, the original inhabitans of the land to the south of the dividing GianhRiver; whose country of Champa (now is Central Vietnam) had been invaded and conquered by the Vietnamese. The “aodai” was Lord Nguyen’s way to show his respect of the culture of the Cham and to win over their support.

How does “aodai” look like?

Despite many Vietnamese identify the “aodai” as a variation of the “aotu than” (four-panel tunic), the two have separate and distinct origins.

The “aotu than” is generally worn by peasant women in the North. It consists of four panels, two in the back and two in front. The back panels are sewn together while the front panels are left open or tied by a belt. Inside the “aotu than”, the woman had to wear a bodice (called “yem”) to cover the chest and a long skirt (called “vay”) to cover the legs. The fabric of the “aotu than” was weaved in small width, necessitating the four-panel structure.

Aotu than

When the Nguyen lord power eventually expanded to include northern regions after the defeat of the Trinh lord, the Cham inspired two-paneled dress came with it. The traditional northern-style four paneled dress transformed into a pairing if the southern Cham style and the original northern gown, becoming a five-panel dress popular throughout the country

The original “aodai” was by no means the symbol of aesthetics. The garment was plain and loosely fitted, unflattering, the first iteration of the two flap Southern dress was a far cry from the chic modern silk dress.

The transformation of “aodai”

The “aodai” is not only carrying the stamp, the power of reigning country man, but also indicate the spirit and culture of Vietnamese people. When Viet Nam broke out of the domination of the North, the country transferred to the control of France, the “aodai” has been converted following the destiny of Viet Nam. It was renovated chasing after Western culture.

When a group of French trained artists combined the design of the five flap dress popular at the time with a French fashion gown, the transformation from traditional gown to everyday fashion came in the 1930s. The artist Cat Tuong (also known as Le Mur, the French translation of a homonym of the artist’s first name), redesigned the “aodai” to fit more closely to the body, along with larger collars, puffy shoulder and wavy sleeves in a fusion with western dress of the time. Vibrant colors schemes were also introduced along with original dark-coulored “aodai”

The Le Mur “aodai” fashion lasted for four years until the painter Le Pho attempted to remove all western influence from the Le Mur “aodai” in 1934 and used the four-paneled dresses to conform with current standards. His design was popular for nearly the period of 30-year

Le Mur “aodai”

The “aodai” stepped onto the political stage when Tran Le Xuan, wife of Ngo DinhNhu, Chief Political Adviser of Ngo Dinh Diem, President of South Vietnam’s First Republic, donned its firstDécolleté version to promote her New Woman Movement.

Tran Le Xuan

Today, the “aodai” has become the Vietnamese woman’s choice of fashion for special occasions.  Fashion designers such as Thiet Lap of the 60s and Sy Hoang of today have continued to conceive new designs.  The introduction of the raglan sleeve (sleeve that continues to the neck), the raising of the opening of the panels to a higher level exposing the skin on both sides of the waist, and other features borrowed from Western fashion add sexiness and sensuality to the “aodai”.  Yet the garment moves delicately with the body giving the wearer an appearance of modesty combined with self-confidence.

Aodai today

The “aodai” for men, on the other hand, did not undergo much change.  It is now worn only during traditional ceremonies and mostly by men of older generations.  The masculinity and practicality of Western men’s clothing has been eagerly embraced by Vietnamese men, and the return to the traditional “aodai” is simply impractical, if not unthinkable.  The “aodai” for men has become an item of purely nostalgic value for today’s and future generations.

Aodai for men

When Vietnamese people wear the “aodai”?

The “aodai” is mostly worn during funeral and occasion like marriages.  Traditionally, it has become the dress for formal occasions such as in Tet’s holiday. Also it is the attire for girls in high school and place ladies working in offices or hotels do wear the “aodai”

Marriages, Tet’s holiday, High school

Reference: aotu than ) (Le Mur aodai and Tran Le Xuan) (aodai today) (VN wedding) (High school) (aodai for men )


Posted on Leave a comment

The Bento

What is a Bento [ 弁当]? This is a complex question because in a same time it presents a single-portion takeout, a culinary culture and also a small lunch box extremely common in Japan. But its influence besides Japan is growing up since a couple of year with many people all around the world who replace their tupperware during their lunch break at work by this small box (or big it depends of your will).

The Bento as a single-portion takeout and a culture

All kid in Japan has the pleasure to bring a box at school that his mother has prepared in the morning. It represents the highlight of any school day. Even if the practice of bringing bento to school has almost desapeared after world war 2 and was replaced by uniform food provided for all students and teachers, it has been popular again during the 80’s thanks to the invention of microwave and the proliferation of convenience stores. The bento represents nowadays a great range of meals and more important: a nutritionally balanced and aesthetically pleasing meal. So for that, it is an important satisfaction for mothers who create those bentos for their children.

History of Bento

The origins of the Bento [ 弁当] can be traced to the twelve century during the Kamakura Period [鎌倉時代] (governance of Japan by the Kamakura Shogunate) when people of the country developed the first hoshi-ii [糒](dried rice). At the beginning of Edo Period [江戸時代] (1603 to 1867), bento culture became more refined and the meals were more developed with onigiri 🍙(white rice presented into triangular or cylindrical shapes and filled with tuna, salmon or other salty and sour ingredients). It has been very common in the country since the day schools and companies did not provide lunch during the Meiji period (1868 – 1912). The students and teachers had to carry bentos, as did many employees. Finally, the bento has made its way to other Asian countries bus most in Taiwan in the first half of the 20th century where it is now called Bendong.

The Bento Lunch Box

The first wooden lacquered boxes like today’s were produced during the Azuchi-Momoyama Period (between 1568 and 1600). The first ones were in bamboo, wood and the aluminium boxes appeared since the twenty’s century (Taishō period 1912 to 1926). Today, the Bento Lunch box has many forms, sizes or decorations. It exists with one, two or three compartments, presents some Japanese cartoons or is in stainless steel in purpose to keep the food warm.

Find on Asia Emarket.

Posted on Leave a comment

Where to find Giant Panda in the world ?

In the wildlife.

In the wild, it is rarely for us to see the giant pandas, because they are labelled endangered in 1990. The species used to range across southern and eastern China and northern Myanmar and Vietnam.

However due to the human’s population increase, they are now only found in the remote bamboo forest, mountainous regions of central China, in Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu provinces, according to the National Zoo. Most of the remaining wild pandas live in the Minshan and Qinling mountains.

In these areas, there are cool, wet bamboo forests that are perfect for the giant panda’s needs. Giant pandas make their dens from hollowed-out logs or stumps of conifer trees found within the forest.


Panda usually likes to live alone. The existence of other panda make them annoyed so much that they have a heightened of smell to recognize when there is another panda is nearby so it can be avoided, according to National Geographic. If another giant panda does get close, the two will end up swatting and growling at each other. Sometimes they will even bite each other.

The only time that these pandas seek each other out is during mating season. Males will use their smelling ability to find a female when they are ready to mate.

In captivity.

When in captivity, they have to live with other pandas. The zoo keepers try to make their home as much like their natural environment as possible, but pandas would rather live alone. Since habitat loss is the most serious threat to the panda, establishing new reserves and extending existing ones are crucial to its survival.

In the meantime, the Chinese are furiously breeding their iconic bear in captivity. The early years (until the late 1990s) saw a lot of failed attempts, both at breeding and at keeping cubs alive. And genetic diversity – which supports helpful adaptations and can protect a population from extinction – was a low priority. With assistance from abroad, the Chinese turned things around. The Smithsonian’s Conservation Biology Institute, part of the international team, first worked with Chinese scientists on panda biology and husbandry.

Around the world, this lovable creature is being kept in more than 20 zoos in 13 countries:

  • Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding (Sichuan, China)
  • Wolong National Nature Reserve (Sichuan, China)
  • Bifengxia Panda Base (Sichuan, China)
  • Beijing Zoo (Beijing Shi, China)
  • Shanghai Zoo ( Shanghai Shi, China)
  • Jinan Zoo (Shandong, China)
  • Chongqing Zoo (Chongqing Shi, China)
  • Taipei Zoo (Taipei City, Taiwan)
  • Ocean Park (Hong Kong)
  • Chiang Mai Zoo ( Chang Wat Chiang Mai, Thailand)
  • River Safari (Singapore)
  • Adventure World (Shirahama, Japan)
  • Kobe Oji Zoo (Kobe, Japan)
  • Ueno Zoo (Tokyo, Japan)


  • Adelaide Zoo (Adelaide City, South Australia)


  • National Zoological Park (Washington D.C, United States)
  • Zoo Atlanta (Atlanta, Georgia, United States)
  • San Diego Zoo (San Diego, California, United States)
  • Memphis Zoo (Tennessee, United States)
  • Toronto Zoo (Toronto, Canada)
  • Chapultepec Zoo (Chapultepec Park, Mexico)


  • Edinburgh Zoo or Scottish National Zoological Park (Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • Tiergarten Schönbrunn or Vienna Zoo (Vienna, Austria)
  • ZooParc de Beauval (Saint-Aignan-sur-Cher, France)
  • Madrid Zoo Aquarium (Madrid, Spain)
  • Pairi Daiza (Hainaut, Belgium)

These zoos have contracts with China to house these pandas for a few years. Giant pandas are on the IUCN Red List so part of the reason these contracts exist between China and international zoos, is to try to help the species reproduce before they are brought back to their native land. For this reason, pandas are treated very well.

Let’s have a look at several pictures of this adorable lovely animal around the world:

 Baby pandas Dashuang and Xiaoshuang appeared for the first time at the Chongqing zoo in Chongqing, Southwest China

“Look at me! I am crawling” – Yuan Zai makes an effort in Taipei Zoo (Taiwan)

“Playing is sometimes tiring, you know?”  – said a fluffy fellow in Ocean Park (Hong Kong)

“Don’t touch my bamboo lunch” – Kai Kai “yelling” in River Safari (Singapore)

“Little” girl celebrated her 13th birthday with a party at Chiang Mai Zoo

Mei Xiang and her daughter Bao Bao at Smithsonian National Zoo in U.S

Adorable panda cubs Jia Panpan and Jia Yeuyeu in Toronto Zoo. The Hope and the Joy of Canada.

“Sleeping Beauty” at ZooParc de Beauval in France

Yang Yang and her twins (Fu Ban and Fu Heng) at Vienna’s Schönbrunn Zoo (Austria)

“Hmm is it as yummy as the bamboo?”, Tian Tian is considering at Edinburgh Zoo in Scotland

Hao Hao – the mother panda cuddles her baby – Tian Bao in Pairi Daiza (Belgium)

Wang Wang and Fu-ni in Adelaide Zoo (Australia)



National Geographic

One Green Planet



WWF Global

Live Science

Posted on Leave a comment

A love for drawing, a history of Asia.

A love for drawing, a history of Asia, we will try to explain how drawing and illustration has been in a long time history linked to Asian culture.

Chinese naturalism.

Chinese paintings refer to any form of painting originating from China or Chinese artists outside of China. The most celebrated is the traditional Chinese paint on rolls which comes in various vertical or horizontal formats and the support can be in silk or paper. But there are also many paintings on silk or paper fan. But Chinese art allows itself to use a multitude of media for painting  like mural (palaces and temples) or also ceramics. The traditional functions of painting are many: ritual, religious, ornamental but also for entertainment, educational or poetic.

Before the empire, most of paintings are made on potteries and turtle shelves but it really was under the empire (221 BC – 1912) that traditional Chinese paintings appeared. There was an important religious painting in temples and other places like tombs. There was also an erotic painting in China, which begins to be better known than before.

After the end of the empire, more and more young Chinese students traveled to Europe in purpose to improve and diversify their style. They brought a comeback of Chinese paintings and added western features. This influence of western painting grows on a part of Chinese painters, notably via Russian school under the people’s republic of china, while retaining arts in traditional lines. During 21st century, contemporary painting is ubiquitous in china.

Types of painting. 

They are classified into three major groups:

Characters: Always represents one person, a group or a genre scene which depicts aspects of everyday life by portraying ordinary people engaged in common activities.

Landscape [Shanshui]: it presents natural landscapes, not urban, and is always paint with calligraphic descriptions.

Flowers and birds [Huaniao Hua]

But it is really important to understand that these categories have to be heard in the broad sense. For example, the character painting includes a large number of forms that integrate the human figure. It means that the categories do not necessarily includes specifics forms of characters, of birds or flowers.


Japanese prints.


The Emakinomo is an illustrated and horizontal narrative system which took place between the 8th and 16th century. First based on the Chinese pieces – it quickly distinguished itself to have a strict japanese style from the 11th century. It combines calligraphy with illustrations, most of the time painted, drawn or stamped on a paper or silk roll up to several meters. They often depict battles, religion, romance, stories of the supernatural world [Yokai] and folk tales. This different stories are written from right to left and can cover one to three scrolls, a regular handscroll measure 30 centimeters in height and 9 to 12 meters in length.

One of the most celebrated Emakimono is the “Genji Monogatari Emaki” ( made around 1130). It illustrates Muraski Shikibu’s novel “The Tale of Genji”. The japanese novelist and poet at the Imperial court written it between 1000 and 1012 and tell the life and loves of a man Hikaru Genji at the Heian court (794 to 1185).

The genji monogatari is considered as the first novel of the japanese history. The classicism and precision of the tale it depicts clearly how educated was the Heian court.


The Ukyoe genre of art (that we can translate by “pictures of the floating word”) started during Edo period, from the 17th century to the establishment of Meiji in 1868. The concept focused in describing the hedonistic lifestyle in the city with many productions of woodblock prints and paintings. The city was famous for entertainments : kabuki theater, courtesans, sumo wrestlers, erotica and geisha of the pleasure districts. The printed and painted ukiyo-e images from this period were popular with the merchant class who had become wealthy enough to afford to decorate their homes with them.

One of the first artists known for popularizing the genre of ukiyu-e was Hishikawa Moronobu with paintings and monochromatic prints of beautiful women. The use of colors did not take place immediately. It became an essential standard after 1760 with the success of some Harunobu’s productions. The genre known its golden age during the 19th century with extraordinary artists and achievements. Among the most famous were Hokusai and its Great Wave Off Kanagawa or Hiroshige and its series of The Fifty-three Stations of the Tokaido. However, the genre experienced an inexorable decline just after the death of the two prominent artists. The development of more efficient printing tools, and the birth of a new genre of short strip with image which will become the Manga.

A masterpiece of Ukyoe : The wave of Kanagawa.

The Great Wave off Kanagawa (or The Great Wave), as said before, is a woodblock print by Hokusai. He published it between 1829 and 1833 in his series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji. This series of landscape depicts the mount from different locations and in various seasons and weather conditions. It is his most famous work and one of the most celebrated piece of Japanese art in the world. It is also one of the most reproduced and recognized artwork in the world thanks to the Meji Restoration in 1868. Japan became open to imports from the west and many pieces of art came to Europe and America. It influenced many western artists and helped them to better understand Japanese art. This is more true for a lot of western impressionists such as Manet, Monet, Van Gogh and “Art Nouveau” artists like Toulouse-Lautrec.

The image shows an gigantic wave threatening boats off the coast of the prefecture of Kanagawa (southern Kanto region and part of the greater Tokyo Area).

Funny fact: it was not the first time that Hokusai created this kind of woodblock. Two later prints have subjects identical to the Great Wave: a boat is in the midst of a storm and a great wave will devour it.

Cultural drawing accessories

Rice paper.

Asian rice paper is known for great strength and durability. It has a white, soft yet rough surface ideal for woodcut or lino block printing, calligraphy and drawing. Composed of very resistant fibers, it is perfect for Chinese brush painting, inkjet-printing, calligraphy, rubbing, stamping or collage.


Perfect for painting or for calligraphy.



A stamp is used for signatures in personal documents, office paperwork, contracts, art, or any item requiring acknowledgement or authorship.


Modernity and drawing.

Art of drawing in Asia didn’t disappear with the end of ukyoe, it even never been so powerful in one Japanese word : Manga, with a cousin branch named Manhua in south Korea, and an other one in China.

Manga a new contemporary world.

The birth of Manga.

The japanese manga industry started to spread its influence to the world from the 80’s with early famous successes as Akira, written by Katsuhiro Otomo, or a bit later Dragon Ball from Akira Toriyama, which definitely installed manga “shonen” culture in the everyday life of childrens around the world.

Manga spiritual fathers.

Osamu Tezuka [1928 – 1989].

A Japanese manga artist, cartoonist, animator, film producer, medical doctor and activist. His influence , his prolific output , pioneering techniques and innovative redefinition of genres earned him to be considered as the Japanese equivalent of Walt Disney, “the father of manga”, “godfather of manga” and nothing less than “god of manga”.

He founded the studios Mushi Productions and Tezuka Productions. The first japanese animeted series were designed with Astro Boy (1963) and the first colored series King Leo (1965).

He was a true pioneer but above all a source of comfort and hope since 1947 (creation of his first manga “New Treasure Island”) for many young japanes people who lost enormously at the end of World War 2. One of his best achievement was the creation in 1952 of Astro Boy who will mark generations.

Katsuhiro Otomo [1954]

A cartoonist, screenwriter and director of animated films. He is famous for being the creator of Akira and for Steamboy. Also, he created the screenplay of Metropolis, the adaptation of an Osamu Tezuka’s manga in 2001.

His masterpiece Akira and his cinematographic adaptation completely changed the manga and the vision of western people for it. Otomo and his creation were noticed by all the critics and professionals in the world. Akira was translated in the United States in 1988 at a time when the manga was almost unknown outside of Japan. It was the beginning of Japanese comics recognition in the English speaking world.

Akira Toriyama [1955]

He is a manga artist specially known for the creation of Dr Slump but most important for the Dragon Ball universe on which he worked from 1984 to 1995. He draws 42 volumes and about 200 pages each. It became a huge success and is steel considered as one of the most popular and successful manga in the world. Akira sold more than 240 million copies worldwide, it is the second best-selling manga and is one of the main reasons for the period when manga circulation  was at its highest in the 1980s and 1990s. The adaptation in anime was a great success too and boosted anime’s popularity in the western world.

Check out Dragon Ball product on Asia Emarket

“Now” Mangakas.

Eiichiro Oda [born in 1975]

He is the creator of One Piece (1997), the most important best-selling manga of all history with 416 million copies in circulation worldwide.The popularity of the manga is so important in Japan than a lot of volumes broke the highest first print mark (any kind of book). He is now considered as one of the manga artists that changed the history of manga.

Find Hoodies on Gomugomu World.

Hajime Isayama [1986]

The creator of a recent, but already cult, manga: Attack on Titan. Started in 2009, the manga has got already more than 66 million copies in circulation and is considered as one of the most acclaimed Japanese book in the world.

A love for drawing among the public.

A lot of art has been relaeased among the public, we personally love this website because it is one of the most otaku place : , and of course we can find our pleasure on Devianart. More professional Behance is a have to check for everyone who want to spend amazing hours looking at the wonderful painter and drawer around the web.


Modern drawing accessories

The japanese love for drawing brings to the world a new kind of drawing assistant specialized to display actions between person, well adapted to animations, and or drawing.

Body Kun, Body Chan.

Body Kun, body chan - Drawing become easier

Two figures were created for helping amateur and professional drawers in their work. With a female and male aspect, they are respectively called Body Chan and Body Kun. After their decorative aspect and their aestheticism (for recent version – DX) and for a few other uses that professionals can find, their main utility is concentrated in more than 30 joints. These joints are able to create almost identical movements as those of a real human being for a perfect realism.

It is with no doubts a must have because it will facilitate the work without a human model thanks to its morpho-realistic appearance.

The former version is slightly stiffer and comes without accessories. But with more details on the body and the face, it sometimes appeals more than DX version.

Also ?

The DX version has more types of hand and accessories in purpose to find, once again, more possibilities.

Dolk – because we desperately love them.

Dolk is an extremely delightful and articulated figure which is composed of 80 joints. It is realistic and very aesthetic. Also very expensive ($320) and available in a low quantity in stock, it is only for sale on the creator’s website. But its possibilities of movements are so incredible that if you have the possibilities to get it, do not hesitate.


Rx01 is unique by its size 11 inches at decent price, you can find it on Asia Emarket.

Posted on Leave a comment

The great wave of Kanagawa, a Hokusai masterpiece.

The great wave of Kanagawa is a masterpiece in japanese Ukyoe art, in art in general and particularly in Japan. Contrary to most famous painter in Western countries, such Van Gogh, Hokusai was very famous in his living time. Numerous biographies surrounds his life, and an animation movie introduced his daughter’s life explaining what it was to be the progeny of the master of Ukyoe.

The Great Wave off Kanagawa (or The Great Wave) is a woodblock print. Hokusai published it between 1829 and 1833 in his series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji. This series of landscape depicts the mount from different locations and in various seasons and weather conditions. It is his most famous work and one of the most celebrated piece of Japanese art in the world.

It is also one of the most reproduced and recognized artwork in the world thanks to the Meji Restoration in 1868. Japan became open to imports from the west and many pieces of art came to Europe and America. It influenced many western artists and helped them to better understand Japanese art. This is more true for a lot of western impressionists such as Manet, Monet, Van Gogh and “Art Nouveau” artists like Toulouse-Lautrec.


The image is a Yoko-e, a print in horizontal format which is common for showing a landscape. The original size is about 25 centimeters high by 37 centimeters wide.

It shows three elements: a gigantic wave threatening boats off the coast of the prefecture of Kanagawa (southern Kanto region and part of the greater Tokyo Area) and mount Fuji in the back. Sea is the dominant element of the composition with the representation of a wave which unfolds and dominates the whole scene before it comes down.

It was not the first time that Hokusai created this kind of woodblock. The study of his work suggests that many years of work have been necessary to him for achieving this final print. Two later prints have subjects identical to the Great Wave. A boat is in the midst of a storm and a great wave will devour it.

Kanagawa-oki Honmoku no zu (1803)
Oshiokuri Hato tsusen no zu (1805)

Modern transcription

The Great Wave of Kanagawa were transcript in many supports and reproduced an incalculable number of times. I can be common supports such as canvas, tee-shirts or fans for examples.




The great wave off Kanagawa was many times parodied or recaptured in various forms. Today it is a picture that we encounter in all kinds of different contexts. Like a mix between the great wave and One Piece Universe.